What Are Residential Wiring Systems?

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Modern homes typically have non-metallic cable, consisting of two or more individual wires wrapped in the plastic sheathing. Separate lines are generally comprised of hot, neutral, and ground wire. Wires can also be installed inside flexible plastic tubing or rigid metal tubing. In the case of exposed wiring, this type of cable is commonly known as a conduit. Read on to learn more about residential wiring systems.

NM cable

According to electrical inspections Philadelphia pa, choosing an NM cable wire type for residential wiring systems is recommended.This cable type is lightweight and relatively cheap compared to metal conduit and armored cables. It is also less prone to rips and snags than wires encased in the metallic sheathing. However, this type of wire cannot be used outdoors or above drop ceilings, so a conduit must be used.

NM cables come in white, yellow, and orange sheathing. The wires inside these cables are 14 to 12 gauge. Therefore, NM cable is not a good choice for circuits that are over 60 amps. NM cable comes in two different types: Type USE and Service Entrance. The former is used in residential wiring systems, while the latter is used for high-end appliances. This type of cable is also straightforward to install.

Non-metallic cable

Residential electrical circuits are typically made of copper wires that must be tightly bundled to avoid contact. Running individual copper wires would be logistically impossible. Thus, different methods have been developed for separating the wires. One of the most common methods is the use of non-metallic cables. Non-metallic sheathed cable (NMC) is used in residential wiring systems. It is also moisture and flame-resistant and is permitted in damp environments.

NM cable was invented by the Romex company in 1922 and first listed in the National Electrical Code in 1966. The outer sheathing was initially made of woven rayon, but plastic replaced it. The cable quickly became the industry standard for residential wiring in the years following. While it cannot be used for exposed locations, it’s suitable for most applications, including residential wiring. For electrical installations in exposed areas, however, a conduit is required.

Series cable

The conditions determine the maximum current capacity of a series cable it will be installed. As a result, multiple conductors within a single line cannot dissipate heat as readily as a single insulated conductor. According to the electrical safety code, the maximum current limit for a cable or wire depends on its size, voltage potential, insulation type, thickness, and temperature rating. In the US and Canada, the maximum current rating depends on the lowest part of the cable run.

For new construction, non-metallic cables are most commonly used. These cables have two or three conductors and are often called “Romex.” The insulation of these cables is green or bare copper. They are generally used for general lighting circuits, receptacle circuits, and split receptacles and have a maximum circuit capacity of 15 amps. For older homes, the non-metallic cable is made from plastic.

Cleat wiring

In residential wiring,cleats support the wires to provide a path for electricity to flow through the house. Cleats are wedge-shaped pieces that support the components and are typically made of hardwood, porcelain, or plastic. These wires are attached to walls or ceilings, called “cleat wiring.”

When used for wiring, cleats can be easily adjusted to meet the unique needs of each home. While cleats are flexible and easy to install, they are not designed for permanent wiring in residential homes. The wires cannot be permanently installed and must be kept away from flammable or damp areas. It is essential to work with a licensed electrician. They should adhere to safety standards and the national electrical code. In residential wiring, it is preferable to use PVC-insulated wire.

Another significant benefit of cleat wiring is its cost. While it is not the most expensive type of wiring, it is also the simplest to install and repair. This is an excellent option for temporary installations. It’s also relatively cheap to use and can be reused later. Cleats can be installed two meters apart and can be removed and reused in another location if they’re no longer needed. Although cleats do not last forever, they save a lot of money over permanent wiring.